|1965 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2718|
|Balinese saka calendar||1886–1887|
|British Regnal year||13 Eliz. 2 – 14 Eliz. 2|
|Chinese calendar||甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)|
4662 or 4455
— to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
4663 or 4456
|- Vikram Samvat||2021–2022|
|- Shaka Samvat||1886–1887|
|- Kali Yuga||5065–5066|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 40|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 54|
|Thai solar calendar||2508|
2091 or 1710 or 938
— to —
2092 or 1711 or 939
1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1965th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 965th year of the 2nd millennium, the 65th year of the 20th century, and the 6th year of the 1960s decade.
- January 14 – The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland and the Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland meet for the first time in 43 years.
- January 20
- January 30 – The state funeral of Sir Winston Churchill takes place in London with the largest assembly of dignitaries in the world until the 2005 funeral of Pope John Paul II.
- February 4 – Trofim Lysenko is removed from his post as director of the Institute of Genetics at the Academy of Sciences in the Soviet Union. Lysenkoist theories are now treated as pseudoscience.
- February 12 – The African and Malagasy Common Organization (Organization Commune Africaine et Malgache; OCAM) is formed as successor to the Afro-Malagasy Union for Economic Cooperation (Union Africaine et Malgache de Cooperation Economique; UAMCE), formerly the African and Malagasy Union (Union Africaine et Malgache; UAM).
- February 18 – The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
- February 20
- March 2 – Vietnam War: Operation Rolling Thunder – The United States Air Force 2nd Air Division, United States Navy and South Vietnamese air force begin a 31⁄2-year aerial bombardment campaign against North Vietnam.
- March 7 – "Bloody Sunday": Some 200 Alabama State Troopers attack 525 civil rights demonstrators in Selma, Alabama, as they attempt to march to the state capitol of Montgomery.
- March 8 – Vietnam War: Some 3,500 United States Marines arrive in Da Nang, South Vietnam, becoming the first American ground combat troops in Vietnam.
- March 9 – The "Turnaround Tuesday" march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, under the leadership of Martin Luther King Jr., stops at the site of "Bloody Sunday", to hold a prayer service and return to Selma, in obedience to a court restraining order. On the same day, White supremacists attack three white ministers, leaving Unitarian Universalist minister James J. Reeb in a coma.
- March 10 – An engagement is announced between Princess Margriet of the Netherlands and Pieter van Vollenhoven, who will become the first commoner and the first Dutchman to marry into the Dutch royal family.
- March 18 – Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov leaves his Voskhod 2 spacecraft for 12 minutes, becoming the first person to walk in space.
- March 20
- March 23
- Events of March 23, 1965: Large student demonstration in Morocco, joined by discontented masses, meets with violent police and military repression.
- Gemini 3: NASA launches the United States' first 2-person crew (Gus Grissom, John Young) into Earth orbit.
- The first issue of The Vigilant is published from Khartoum.
- March 25 – Martin Luther King Jr. and 25,000 civil rights activists successfully end the 4-day march from Selma, Alabama, to the capitol in Montgomery.
- March 28 – At least 400 are killed or missing after an earthquake triggered a series of dam failures in La Ligua, Chile.
- March 30 – The second ODECA charter, signed by Central American states on December 12, 1962, becomes effective.
- April 3 – The world's first space nuclear power reactor, SNAP-10A, is launched by the United States from Vandenberg AFB, California. The reactor operates for 43 days and remains in low Earth orbit.
- April 5 – At the 37th Academy Awards, My Fair Lady wins 8 Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director. Rex Harrison wins an Oscar for Best Actor. Mary Poppins takes home 5 Oscars. Julie Andrews wins an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in the title role. Sherman Brothers receives 2 Oscars including Best Song, "Chim Chim Cher-ee".
- April 6 – The Intelsat I ("Early Bird") communications satellite is launched. It becomes operational May 2 and is placed in commercial service in June.
- April 9 – The West German parliament extends the statute of limitations on Nazi war crimes.
- April 18 – Consecration of Saint Clement of Ohrid Macedonian Orthodox Cathedral in Toronto, Canada.
- April 23 – The Pennine Way officially opens.
- April 24
- The 1965 Yerevan demonstrations start in Yerevan, demanding recognition of the Armenian genocide.
- The bodies of Portuguese opposition politician Humberto Delgado and his secretary Arajaryr Moreira de Campos are found in a forest near Villanueva del Fresno, Spain (they were killed February 12).
- In the Dominican Republic, officers and civilians loyal to deposed President Juan Bosch mutiny against the right-wing junta running the country, setting up a provisional government. Forces loyal to the deposed military-imposed government stage a countercoup the next day, and civil war breaks out, although the new government retains its hold on power.
- April 26 – Rede Globo is founded in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
- April 28
- U.S. troops occupy the Dominican Republic.
- Vietnam War: Prime Minister of Australia Robert Menzies announces that the country will substantially increase its number of troops in South Vietnam, supposedly at the request of the Saigon government (it is later revealed that Menzies had asked the leadership in Saigon to send the request at the behest of the Americans).
- April 29 – Australia announces that it is sending an infantry battalion to support the South Vietnam government.
- May 1
- May 9 – Pianist Vladimir Horowitz returns to the stage after a 12-year absence, performing a legendary concert in Carnegie Hall in New York.
- May 12 –West Germany and Israel establish diplomatic relations.
- May 25 – Muhammad Ali knocks out Sonny Liston in the first round of their championship rematch with the "Phantom Punch" at the Central Maine Civic Center in Lewiston.
- May 27 – Internazionale beats Benfica 1–0 at the San Siro, Milan and wins the 1964-65 European Cup in Association football.
- May 29 – A mining accident in Dhanbad, India, kills 274.
- May 31 – Scottish racing driver Jim Clark wins the Indianapolis 500, later this year winning the Formula One world driving championship.
- June 1 – A coal mine explosion in Fukuoka, Japan, kills 237.
- June 2 – Vietnam War: The first contingent of Australian combat troops arrives in South Vietnam.
- June 7 – Kakanj mine disaster: A mining accident in Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina, results in 128 deaths.
- June 10 – Vietnam War – Battle of Dong Xoai: About 1,500 Viet Cong mount a mortar attack on Đồng Xoài, overrunning its military headquarters and the adjoining militia compound.
- June 19
- Houari Boumediene's Revolutionary Council ousts Ahmed Ben Bella, in a bloodless coup in Algeria.
- Air Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky, head of the South Vietnamese Air Force, was appointed prime minister at the head of the military junta, with General Nguyễn Văn Thiệu becoming a figurehead president, ending two years of short-lived military juntas.[non sequitur]
- June 20 – Police in Algiers break up demonstrations by people who have taken to the streets chanting slogans in support of deposed President Ahmed Ben Bella.
- June 22 – The Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea is signed in Tokyo.
- June 25 – A U.S. Air Force Boeing C-135 Stratolifter bound for Okinawa crashes just after takeoff at MCAS El Toro in Orange County, California, killing all 85 on board.
- July – The Commonwealth secretariat is created.
- July 14 – U.S. spacecraft Mariner 4 flies by Mars, becoming the first spacecraft to return images from the Red Planet.
- July 15 – Greek Prime minister Georgios Papandreou and his government are dismissed by King Constantine II.
- July 16 – The Mont Blanc Tunnel is inaugurated by presidents Giuseppe Saragat and Charles de Gaulle.
- July 24 – Vietnam War: Four F-4C Phantoms escorting a bombing raid at Kang Chi are targeted by antiaircraft missiles, in the first such attack against American planes in the war. One is shot down and the other 3 sustain damage.
- July 26 – The Maldives receive full independence from Great Britain.
- July 27 – Edward Heath becomes Leader of the British Conservative Party.
- July 28 – Vietnam War: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his order to increase the number of United States troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000, and to more than double the number of men drafted per month - from 17,000 to 35,000.
- July 30 – War on Poverty: U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
- August 7 – Tunku Abdul Rahman, Prime Minister of Malaysia, recommends the expulsion of Singapore from the Federation of Malaysia following a deterioration of PAP–UMNO relations, negotiating its separation with Lee Kuan Yew, Prime Minister of Singapore.
- August 9
- Singapore is expelled from the Federation of Malaysia, which recognises it as a sovereign nation. Lee Kuan Yew announces Singapore's independence and assumes the position of Prime Minister of the new island nation – a position he holds until 1990.
- An explosion at an Arkansas missile plant kills 53.
- Indonesian president Sukarno collapses in public.
- August 18 – Vietnam War: Operation Starlite – 5,500 United States Marines destroy a Viet Cong stronghold on the Van Tuong peninsula in Quảng Ngãi Province, in the first major American ground battle of the war. The Marines were tipped off by a Viet Cong deserter who said that there was an attack planned against the U.S. base at Chu Lai.
- August 19 – At the conclusion of the Frankfurt Auschwitz trials, 66 ex-SS personnel receive life sentences, 15 others shorter ones.
- August 21 – NASA launches Gemini 5 (Gordon Cooper, Pete Conrad) on the first 1-week space flight, as well as the first test of fuel cells for electrical power on such a mission.
- August 30 – An avalanche buries a dam construction site at Saas-Fee, Switzerland, killing 90 workers.
- August 31 – U.S. President Johnson signs a law penalizing the burning of draft cards with up to 5 years in prison and a $1,000 fine.
- September 2
- Pakistani troops enter the Indian sector of Kashmir, while Indian troops try to invade Lahore.
- The People's Republic of China announces that it will reinforce its troops on the Indian border.
- Vietnam War: In a follow-up to August's Operation Starlite, United States Marines and South Vietnamese forces initiate Operation Piranha on the Batangan Peninsula, 23 miles (37 km) south of the Chu Lai Marine base.
- September 8
- September 9
- September 14 – The fourth and final period of the Second Vatican Council opens.
- September 16 – In Iraq, Prime Minister Arif Abd ar-Razzaq's attempted coup fails.
- September 17 – King Constantine II of Greece forms a new government with Prime Minister Stephanos Stephanopoulos, in an attempt to end a 2-year-old political crisis.
- September 18
- September 19 – Pakistani Forces achieve a decisive victory at the Battle of Chawinda, ultimately halting the Indian advance and successfully stabilizing the Sialkot Front.
- September 20 – Vietnam War: An USAF F-104 Starfighter piloted by Captain Philip Eldon Smith is shot down by a Chinese MiG-19 Farmer. The pilot is held until March 15 1973.
- September 21 – Gambia, Maldives and Singapore are admitted as members of the United Nations.
- September 22 – Radio Peking announces that Indian troops have dismantled their equipment on the Chinese side of the border.
- September 24
- Fighting resumes between Indian and Pakistani troops.
- The British governor of Aden cancels the constitution and takes direct control of the protectorate, due to the bad security situation.
- September 27 – The largest tanker ship at this time, Tokyo Maru, is launched in Yokohama, Japan.
- September 28
- September 30
- October 3 – Fidel Castro announces that Che Guevara has resigned and left Cuba.
- October 4
- At least 150 are killed when a commuter train derails at the outskirts of Durban, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
- Prime minister Ian Smith of Rhodesia and Arthur Bottomley of the Commonwealth of Nations begin negotiations in London.
- Pope Paul VI visits the United States. He appears for a Mass in Yankee Stadium and makes a speech at the United Nations.
- The University of California, Irvine opens its doors.
- October 5 – Pakistan severs diplomatic relations with Malaysia because of their disagreement in the UN.
- October 6 – Ian Brady, a 27-year-old stock clerk from Hyde in Cheshire, is arrested for allegedly hacking to death (with a hatchet) 17-year-old apprentice electrician Edward Evans at a house on the Hattersley housing estate.
- October 7 – Seven Japanese fishing boats are sunk off Guam by super typhoon Carmen; 209 are killed.
- October 8
- Indonesian mass killings of 1965–1966: The Indonesian army instigates the arrest and execution of communists which last until next March.
- The 7 Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent are adopted at the XX International Conference in Vienna, Austria.
- The International Olympic Committee admits East Germany as a member.
- October 10 – The first group of Cuban refugees travels to the U.S.
- October 12
- October 13 – Congo President Joseph Kasavubu fires Prime Minister Moise Tshombe and forms a provisional government, with Évariste Kimba in a leading position.
- October 15 – Vietnam War: The Catholic Worker Movement stages an anti-war protest in Manhattan. One draft card burner is arrested, the first under the new law.
- October 17 – The New York World's Fair at Flushing Meadows, closes. Due to financial losses, some of the projected site park improvements fail to materialize.
- October 18 – The Indonesian government outlaws the Communist Party of Indonesia.
- October 20 – Ludwig Erhard is re-elected Chancellor of West Germany (he had first been elected in 1963).
- October 21
- October 22
- October 25 – The Soviet Union declares its support of African countries in case Rhodesia unilaterally declares independence.
- October 27
- October 28 – Pope Paul VI promulgates Nostra aetate, a "Declaration on the Relation of the (Roman Catholic) Church with Non-Christian Religions" by the Second Vatican Council which includes a statement that Jews are not collectively responsible for the death of Jesus (Jewish deicide).
- October 29 – An 80-kiloton nuclear device is detonated at Amchitka Island, Alaska, as part of the Vela Uniform program, code-named Project Long Shot.
- October 30 – Vietnam War: Near Da Nang, United States Marines repel an intense attack by Viet Cong forces, killing 56 guerrillas. A sketch of Marine positions is found on the dead body of a 13-year-old Vietnamese boy who sold drinks to the Marines the day before.
- November 1 – A trolleybus plunges into the Nile at Cairo, Egypt, killing 74 passengers.
- November 3 – French President Charles de Gaulle announces (just short of his 75th birthday) that he will stand for re-election.
- November 5 – Martial law is announced in Rhodesia. The United Nations General Assembly accepts British intent to use force against Rhodesia if necessary by a vote of 82–9.
- November 6 – Freedom Flights begin: Cuba and the United States formally agree to start an airlift for Cubans who want to go to the United States (by 1971, 250,000 Cubans take advantage of this program).
- November 8 – Vietnam War – Operation Hump: The United States Army 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong.
- November 11
- November 12 – A UN Security Council resolution (voted 10–0) recommends that other countries not recognize independent Rhodesia.
- November 13
- The SS Yarmouth Castle burns and sinks 60 miles (97 km) off Nassau, Bahamas, with the loss of 90 lives.
- British theatre critic Kenneth Tynan says "fuck" during a discussion on BBC satirical programme BBC-3 for what many believed was the first time on British television. The corporation later issues a public apology.
- November 14 – Vietnam War – Battle of Ia Drang: In the Ia Drang Valley of the Central Highlands in Vietnam, the first major engagement of the war between regular United States and North Vietnamese forces begins.
- November 15 – U.S. racer Craig Breedlove sets a new land speed record of 600.601 mph (966.574 km/h).
- November 16 – Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe from Baikonur, Kazakhstan toward Venus (on March 1, 1966, it becomes the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet).
- November 20 – The United Nations Security Council recommends that all states stop trading with Rhodesia.
- November 22 – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is established as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- November 23 – Soviet general Mikhail Kazakov assumes command of the Warsaw Pact.
- November 24 – Congolese lieutenant general Mobutu ousts Joseph Kasavubu and declares himself president.
- November 26 – At the Hammaguir launch facility in the Sahara Desert, France launches a Diamant A rocket with its first satellite, Astérix-1 on board, becoming the third country to enter outer space.
- November 27
- Tens of thousands of Vietnam War protesters picket the White House, then march on the Washington Monument.
- Vietnam War: The Pentagon tells U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson that if planned major sweep operations to neutralize Viet Cong forces during the next year are to succeed, the number of American troops in Vietnam will have to be increased from 120,000 to 400,000.
- November 28 – Vietnam War: In response to U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson's call for "more flags" in Vietnam, Philippines President-elect Ferdinand Marcos announces he will send troops to help fight in South Vietnam.
- November 29 – The Canadian satellite Alouette 2 is launched.
- December 5
- December 8
- December 15
- December 20 – The World Food Programme is made a permanent agency of the United Nations.
- December 21
- The Soviet Union announces that it has shipped rockets to North Vietnam.
- In West Germany, Konrad Adenauer resigns as chairman of the Christian Democratic Party.
- The United Nations adopts the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
- A new 1-hour German-American production of the ballet The Nutcracker, with an international cast that includes Edward Villella in the title role, makes its U.S. television debut. It is repeated annually by CBS over the next 3 years but after that is virtually forgotten until issued on DVD in 2009 by Warner Archive.
- December 22
- December 25 – The Yemeni Nasserist Unionist People's Organisation is founded in Ta'izz.
- December 30
- December 31 – Bokassa takes power in the Central African Republic.
- Aborigines are given the vote in Queensland, Australia.
- Hainzl Industriesysteme GmbH company is founded in Austria.
- Tokyo officially becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from New York City.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 4
- January 5
- January 9
- January 10 – Butch Hartman, American animator and voice actor
- January 12
- January 13 – Bill Bailey, British comedian, musician and actor
- January 14
- January 15
- January 20 – Sophie, Duchess of Edinburgh, wife of Prince Edward, Duke of Edinburgh
- January 21 – Jam Master Jay, American DJ, rapper and producer (d. 2002)
- January 22
- January 23 – Catherine Guillouard, French businesswoman
- January 24 – Porfirio Fisac, Spanish basketball coach
- January 25
- January 26 – Natalia Yurchenko, Soviet artistic gymnast
- January 27
- January 29
- February 1
- February 3 – Maura Tierney, American actress
- February 5 – Gheorghe Hagi, Romanian footballer, manager and club owner
- February 6
- February 7 – Chris Rock, African-American actor, comedian, and film director
- February 8 – Dicky Cheung, Hong Kong actor
- February 9 – Keith Wickham, British actor
- February 11 – Roberto Moya, Cuban athlete (d. 2020)
- February 12 – Brett Kavanaugh, American attorney and Supreme Court Justice.
- 12 February - Christine Elise , American TV and Movies Actress
- February 15 – Héctor Beltrán Leyva, Mexican drug lord (d. 2018)
- February 16 – Adama Barrow, Gambian politician, 3rd President of Gambia
- February 17 – Michael Bay, American film director
- February 18 – Dr. Dre, African-American rapper and music producer
- February 23
- February 25 – Sylvie Guillem, French ballerina
- February 27 – Claudia Zobel, Filipina actress (d. 1984)
- February 28 – Park Gok-ji, South Korean film editor
- March 1
- March 2 – Ami Bera, American politician
- March 3
- March 4
- March 8
- March 9
- March 11
- March 14 – Aamir Khan, Indian film director, producer, film and scriptwriter and actor
- March 16
- March 23 – Marti Pellow, Scottish singer (Wet Wet Wet)
- March 24
- March 25
- March 26 – Prakash Raj, Indian actor, producer and director
- March 29 – Voula Patoulidou, Greek athlete
- March 30 – Piers Morgan, British journalist and television personality
- March 31 – Patty Fendick, American tennis player
- April 1
- April 3 – Nazia Hassan, Pakistani pop singer-songwriter, lawyer and social activist (d. 2000)
- April 4 – Robert Downey Jr., American actor, producer, and singer
- April 6
- April 9 – Paulina Porizkova, Swedish-American model and actress
- April 10 – Jure Robič, Slovenian cyclist (d. 2010)
- April 11 – Eelco van Asperen, Dutch computer scientist
- April 12 – Kim Bodnia, Danish actor and director
- April 15 – Linda Perry, American musician
- April 16 – Martin Lawrence, American actor, comedian, and producer
- April 18 – Camille Coduri, English actress
- April 18 – Steven Stayner, American kidnapping victim (d. 1989)
- April 19 – Suge Knight, American record producer and convicted felon
- April 20 – Jovy Marcelo, Filipino race car driver (d. 1992)
- April 21
- April 23 – Leni Robredo, 14th Vice President of the Philippines
- April 24 – Michel Leclerc, French director and screenwriter
- April 25 – Édouard Ferrand, French politician (d. 2018)
- April 26 – Kevin James, American comedian and actor
- April 27 – Edwin Poots, Irish politician
- April 29 – David Shafer, American politician, Georgia
- April 30 – Adrian Pasdar, Iranian-American actor and voice artist
- May 2 – Myriam Hernández, Chilean singer
- May 3
- May 7
- May 9 – Steve Yzerman, Canadian hockey player
- May 10 – Linda Evangelista, Canadian supermodel
- May 11 – Monsour del Rosario, Filipino Olympic athlete and actor
- May 12 – Renée Simonsen, Danish model and writer
- May 13 – José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (d. 2006)
- May 14 – Eoin Colfer, Irish novelist
- May 16 – Rodica Dunca, Romanian artistic gymnast
- May 17 – Trent Reznor, American rock musician (Nine Inch Nails)
- May 19 – Philippe Dhondt, French singer
- May 23
- May 24
- May 25 – Yahya Jammeh, President of the Gambia
- May 29 – Emilio Sánchez, Spanish tennis player
- May 30 – Guadalupe Grande, Spanish poet (d. 2021)
- May 31 – Brooke Shields, American actress and model
- June 1
- June 2 – Steve and Mark Waugh, Australian cricketers
- June 4
- June 6
- June 7
- June 8
- June 10
- June 11 – Manuel Uribe, morbidly obese Mexican (d. 2014)
- June 12 – Carlos Luis Morales, Ecuadorian journalist (d. 2020)
- June 13 – Infanta Cristina of Spain
- June 15 – Bernard Hopkins, American boxer
- June 16 – Andrea M. Ghez, American astronomer, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics
- June 17
- June 18
- June 21
- June 22 – Anubhav Sinha, Indian film director
- Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Indonesian lecturer and writer
- June 23 – Paul Arthurs, English Musician (Oasis)
- June 24 – Son Hyun-joo, South Korean actor
- June 25 – Jean Castex, French politician
- June 26 – Jana Hybášková, Czech politician and diplomat
- June 27
- June 28 – Belayneh Dinsamo, Ethiopian long-distance runner
- June 29
- June 30
- July 1
- July 2 – Fredrik Sejersted, Norwegian jurist
- July 3
- July 4 – Tracy Letts, American actor, playwright and screenwriter
- July 5
- July 7
- July 10
- July 11 – Ernesto Hoost, Dutch kickboxer
- July 12 – Mama Kandeh, Gambian politician
- July 13 – Akina Nakamori, Japanese singer and actress
- July 14 – Lou Savarese, American boxer
- July 15 – Dafna Rechter, Israeli actress and singer
- July 17
- July 18 – Eva Ionesco, French actress, film director and screenwriter
- July 19
- July 21 – Guðni Bergsson, Icelandic footballer
- July 22 – Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler
- July 23
- July 25 – Illeana Douglas, American actress and producer
- July 26
- July 27
- July 28 – Daniela Mercury, Brazilian singer, songwriter, dancer, producer, actress and television host
- July 29 – Chang-Rae Lee, Korean-American novelist
- July 31 – J. K. Rowling, English author
- August 1 – Sam Mendes, English film director
- August 2
- August 4
- August 5 – Monica Ward, Italian actress and voice actress
- August 6 – David Robinson, American basketball player
- August 10
- August 11 – Viola Davis, African-American actress
- August 15 – Vincent Kok, Hong Kong director and actor
- August 16 – Michael O'Gorman, American coxswain (d. 2018)
- August 19
- August 22 – David Reimer, Canadian man, born male but reassigned female and raised as a girl after a botched circumcision (d. 2004)
- August 24 – Reggie Miller, American basketball player and commentator
- August 25 – Mia Zapata, American singer (d. 1993)
- August 26 – Azela Robinson, Mexican actress
- August 28
- August 31 – Daniel Bernhardt, Swiss actor and martial artist
- September 1 – Craig McLachlan, Australian actor and singer
- September 2 – Lennox Lewis, British boxer
- September 3
- September 5 – Derby Makinka, Zambian footballer (d. 1993)
- September 6 – Gleisi Hoffmann, Brazilian lawyer and politician
- September 7 – Jörg Pilawa, German television presenter
- September 8
- September 10 – Marco Pastors, Dutch politician
- September 11
- September 12
- Einstein Kristiansen, Norwegian cartoonist, designer, and television host
- September 14 – Dmitry Medvedev, former President of Russia
- September 15 – Fernanda Torres, Brazilian actress
- September 16 – Katy Kurtzman, American actress, director and producer
- September 17
- September 19
- September 20 – Robert Rusler, American actor
- September 21
- September 23 – Mark Woodforde, Australian tennis player
- September 25 – Scottie Pippen, American basketball player
- September 26
- September 27 – Steve Kerr, American basketball player
- October 1 – Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
- October 2 – Gerardo Reyero, Mexican voice actor
- October 3
- October 5
- October 6 – Steve Scalise, House Majority Whip and U.S. Representative of Louisiana's 1st district
- October 8
- October 9 – Dionicio Cerón, Mexican long-distance runner
- October 10 – Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
- October 11
- October 13 – Kalpana, Indian film actress (d. 2016)
- October 14
- October 16 – Kang Kyung-ok, South Korean artist
- October 17
- October 18 – Zakir Naik, Indian doctor and Islamic activist
- October 19
- October 20
- October 26
- October 29 – Christy Clark, Canadian politician
- October 30 – Zaza Urushadze, Georgian film director, producer and screenwriter (d. 2019)
- October 31 – Rob Rackstraw, British actor
- November 2
- November 4 – Wayne Static, American singer and musician (Static-X) (d. 2014)
- November 7 – Sigrun Wodars, German athlete
- November 8 – Patricia Poleo, Venezuelan journalist
- November 9 – Sir Bryn Terfel, Welsh baritone
- November 10 – Eddie Irvine, Northern Irish racing driver
- November 11 – Max Mutchnick, American television producer
- November 12 – Ricard Zapata-Barrero, Spanish scholar of migration studies
- November 13 – Rick Roberts, Canadian actor
- November 19
- November 20 – Yoshiki Hayashi, Japanese rock composer, pianist and drummer
- November 21
- November 22 – Mads Mikkelsen, Danish actor
- November 23 – Radion Gataullin, Uzbek-Russian pole-vaulter
- November 24 – Shirley Henderson, Scottish actress
- November 25 – Ana Paula Padrão, Brazilian journalist, chief editor, entrepreneur, writer and television presenter
- November 26 – Scott Adsit, American actor
- November 27 – Rachida Dati, French politician
- November 29
- November 30
- December 3
- December 5 – Johnny Rzeznik, American rock singer and guitarist
- December 7
- December 8 – David Harewood, English actor
- December 9 – Brad Savage, American actor
- December 10 – Stephanie Morgenstern, Canadian actress
- December 15 – Luis Fabián Artime, Argentine footballer
- December 16 – J. B. Smoove, African-American actor and comedian
- December 18 – John Moshoeu, South African footballer (d. 2015)
- December 19 – Jessica Steen, Canadian actress
- December 21
- December 23 – Andreas Kappes, German cyclist (d. 2018)
- December 27 – Salman Khan, Indian actor, television presenter
- December 30 – Valentina Legkostupova, Soviet and Russian pop singer, teacher and producer (d. 2020)
- December 31
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 4 – T. S. Eliot, American-British poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1888)
- January 10
- January 12 – Lorraine Hansberry, African-American playwright and writer (b. 1930)
- January 14 – Jeanette MacDonald, American actress and singer (b. 1903)
- January 15 – Pierre Ngendandumwe, 4th and 6th Prime Minister of Burundi (assassinated) (b. 1930)
- January 20 – Alan Freed, American disc jockey (b. 1921)
- January 24 – Sir Winston Churchill, British politician and statesman, twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, World War II leader, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1874)
- January 27 – Hassan Ali Mansur, Iranian politician, 69th Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1923)
- January 28
- January 31 – Konstantin Muraviev, 31st Prime Minister of Bulgaria (b. 1893)
- February 5 – Irving Bacon, American actor (b. 1893)
- February 6 – Frederick, Prince of Hohenzollern (b. 1891)
- February 7 – Nance O'Neil, American stage and film actress (b. 1874)
- February 9 – Khan Bahadur Ahsanullah, Indian educationist, philosopher, philanthropist, social reformer and spiritualist (b. 1874)
- February 13
- February 14 – Désiré-Émile Inghelbrecht, French composer (b. 1880)
- February 15 – Nat King Cole, American singer and musician (b. 1919)
- February 19
- February 20 – Michał Waszyński, Polish film director and producer (b. 1904)
- February 21 – Malcolm X, American civil rights activist (b. 1925)
- February 22 – Felix Frankfurter, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1882)
- February 23 – Stan Laurel, British actor (b. 1890)
- February 24 – Takeo Itō, Japanese general (b. 1889)
- February 28 – Adolf Schärf, Austrian politician, 6th President of Austria (b. 1890)
- March 5 – Salvador Castaneda Castro, 31st President of El Salvador (b. 1888)
- March 6 – Margaret Dumont, American actress (b. 1889)
- March 7 – Louise Mountbatten, Queen of Sweden and second wife of King Gustaf VI Adolf (b. 1889)
- March 13
- March 14 – Marion Jones Farquhar, American tennis champion (b. 1879)
- March 17
- March 18 – King Farouk of Egypt (b. 1920)
- March 19 – Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist leader, 47th Prime Minister of Romania (b. 1901)
- March 22 – Fidel Dávila, Spanish general and minister (b. 1878)
- March 23 – Mae Murray, American actress (b. 1885)
- March 25
- March 28
- March 30 – Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1896)
- April 3 – Ray Enright, American film director (b. 1896)
- April 9 – Sherman Minton, American politician and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (b. 1890)
- April 10
- April 14
- April 16 – Sydney Chaplin, English actor (b. 1885)
- April 18 – Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor (b. 1917)
- April 21
- April 23 – George Adamski, Polish-American UFO writer (b. 1891)
- April 24 – Louise Dresser, American actress (b. 1878)
- April 26 – Mubarak Zarouk, Sudanese politician and minister (b. 1916)
- April 27 – Edward R. Murrow, American journalist (b. 1908)
- April 30 – Helen Chandler, American actress (b. 1906)
- May 1 – Spike Jones, American musician and bandleader (b. 1911)
- May 6 – Oren E. Long, American politician, 10th Governor of Hawai'i (b. 1889)
- May 7
- May 9 – Leopold Figl, 14th Chancellor of Austria and acting President of Austria (b. 1902)
- May 14 – Frances Perkins, first woman appointed as a United States presidential cabinet member (Labor) (b. 1880)
- May 15 – Yisrael Bar-Yehuda, Zionist activist and Israel politician (b. 1895)
- May 16 – Maria Dąbrowska, Polish writer (b. 1886)
- May 18 – Eli Cohen, Israeli spy (b. 1924)
- May 21 – Sir Geoffrey de Havilland, British aviation pioneer and aircraft company founder (b. 1882)
- May 23
- May 25 – Sonny Boy Williamson, American blues musician (b. 1899)
- May 27 – John Rinehart Blue, American military officer, educator, businessperson, and politician (b. 1905)
- June 1 – Curly Lambeau, American football player and coach (b. 1898)
- June 5
- June 7 – Judy Holliday, American actress, comedian, and singer (b. 1921)
- June 11 – José Mendes Cabeçadas, Portuguese navy officer, 94th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
- June 13 – Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli philosopher (b. 1878)
- June 15 – Steve Cochran, American actor (b. 1917)
- June 19 – James Collip, Canadian biochemist (b. 1892)
- June 20 – Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (b. 1870)
- June 22 – David O. Selznick, American film producer (b. 1902)
- June 23 – Mary Boland, American actress (b. 1882)
- June 28 – Red Nichols, American jazz cornettist (b. 1905)
- June 30 – Bessie Barriscale, American actress (b. 1884)
- July 1 – Wally Hammond, English cricketer (b. 1903)
- July 7 – Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (b. 1894)
- July 8 – T. S. Stribling, American novelist (b. 1881)
- July 11 – Ray Collins, American actor (b. 1889)
- July 13 – Laureano Gómez, 43rd President of Colombia (b. 1889)
- July 14
- July 19
- July 24 – Constance Bennett, American actress (b. 1904)
- July 28 – Rampo Edogawa, Japanese author and critic (b. 1894)
- July 30
- August 1 – John Miller, American Olympic rower - Men's eights (b. 1903)
- August 6
- August 8 – Shirley Jackson, American author (b. 1916)
- August 9 – Creighton Hale, American actor (b. 1882)
- August 13 – Hayato Ikeda, Japanese politician, 38th Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1899)
- August 25 – Johnny Hayes, American Olympic athlete (b. 1886)
- August 27 – Le Corbusier, Swiss architect (b. 1887)
- August 28
- August 29 – Paul Waner, American baseball player (b. 1903)
- September 4
- September 8
- September 12 – Lucian Truscott, American general (b. 1895)
- September 16 – Fred Quimby, American animated film producer (b. 1886)
- September 17 – Alejandro Casona, Spanish poet and playwright (b. 1903)
- September 22 – Othmar Ammann, Swiss-born American engineer (b. 1879)
- September 26 – Joey Soloway, American television creator, showrunner, director and writer
- September 27 – Clara Bow, American silent film actress (b. 1905)
- October 1 – Anton Boisen, American founder of the clinical pastoral education movement (b. 1876)
- October 3 – Zachary Scott, American actor (b. 1914)
- October 6 – Edward Evans, English murder victim (b. 1948)
- October 8 – Thomas B. Costain, Canadian author and journalist (b. 1885)
- October 11
- October 12 – Samir Al-Rifai, 6-time Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1901)
- October 13 – Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
- October 14 – Randall Jarrell, American poet (b. 1914)
- October 15 – Abraham Fraenkel, Israeli mathematician and recipient of the Israel Prize (b. 1891)
- October 17 – Bart King, American cricketer (b. 1873)
- October 18
- October 21
- October 22 – Paul Tillich, German American Christian existentialist philosopher and theologian (b. 1886)
- October 23 – Luis de la Puente Uceda, Peruvian guerrilla leader (b. 1926)
- October 24 – Hans Meerwein, German chemist (b. 1879)
- October 26 – Sylvia Likens, American murder victim (b. 1949)
- October 29 – Miller Anderson, American Olympic diver (b. 1922)
- October 30 – Arthur Schlesinger, Sr., American historian (b. 1888)
- October 31 – Rita Johnson, American actress (b. 1913)
- November 2
- November 6
- November 7 – Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad, 2nd Caliph of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Islam (b. 1889)
- November 8
- November 12
- November 16
- November 18
- November 24 – Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1895)
- November 25 – Dame Myra Hess, English pianist (b. 1890)
- December 5 – Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1874)
- December 9 – Branch Rickey, American baseball executive (b. 1881)
- December 10 – Henry Cowell, American composer (b. 1897)
- December 11 – George Constantinescu, Romanian scientist (b. 1881)
- December 15 – Joseph Bamina, 8th Prime Minister of Burundi (executed) (b. 1925)
- December 16
- December 24 – William M. Branham, American minister (b. 1909)
- December 27 – Edgar Ende, German painter (b. 1901)
- December 29 – Kosaku Yamada, Japanese composer and conductor (b. 1886)
- Physics – Shin'ichirō Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger, Richard P. Feynman
- Chemistry – Robert Burns Woodward
- Physiology or Medicine – François Jacob, André Michel Lwoff, Jacques Monod
- Literature – Mikhail Sholokhov
- Peace – United Nation's Children's Fund (UNICEF)
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